Trump tax break for certain companies receives a pass in the Biden plan

President Joe Biden makes remarks on the state of his American rescue plan in the State Dining Room of the White House in Washington, DC, United States on May 5, 2021.

Jonathan Ernst | Reuters

Qualified business income deduction

The so-called QBI (Qualified Business Income) deduction is part of the Tax Reduction and Employment Act of 2017.

The provision allows pass-through companies such as sole proprietorships, partnerships and suburban companies to deduct up to 20% of eligible income.

For 2020, single applicants earning less than $ 163,300 and couples earning less than $ 326,600 can qualify for the full 20% deduction.

However, those above the thresholds may only be partially withdrawn and some companies will lose eligibility altogether.

For example, so-called specified service industries or companies – companies that operate in the health, legal, financial services and more sectors – are not eligible for certain income levels.

The 2020 income limit for single applicants is $ 213,300, and couples filing together cannot earn more than $ 426,600. If the Congress is not extended, the withdrawal will expire after 2025.

Biden’s suggestion

Although proponents said the pass-through withdrawal could boost growth, critics say the benefits are skewed in favor of the rich.

“It doesn’t benefit the people on the lower end, and it’s extraordinarily complex, so figuring out what policy goal it is trying to achieve is very difficult,” said Richard Winchester, professor of tax law at Seton Hall University School of Law.

High-income households receive significantly more transit income than the middle class, with the center of budgetary and political priorities exposed.

I am confused by Biden’s omission.

Steve Rosenthal

Senior Fellow at the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center at the Urban Institute

In addition, according to a report by the Joint Tax Committee, 61% of through tax benefits could go to the top 1% of families by 2024.

“A tax cut on the transit side will greatly benefit high-income people,” added Winchester.

As part of his plan to get the wealthy to pay their “fair share”, Biden’s election promise included a cap on business withdrawal with an exit for those who earn more than $ 400,000.

CNBC asked the White House for comment.

Why Biden’s tax plans have changed

Biden may have skipped the exit for violating his promise not to levy taxes on those earning less than $ 400,000, said Alex Durante, federal tax economist at the Tax Foundation.

These thoughts are in line with the comments made by Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen and Senator Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa.

During her hearing on the Senate Finance Committee nomination, Grassley asked Yellen about “small business tax increases” by removing the pass-through deduction.

“Since Section 199A is a relatively new provision, I undertake to study its impact on small businesses from the outset to see how they will help improve the prospects for American small business owners,” Yellen replied.

Due to limited eligibility for certain taxpayers and businesses, Durante said Biden may have relocated to areas with greater fundraising potential.

“There just isn’t a lot of sales if you get rid of it above this threshold compared to some other proposals,” he said.

However, other tax experts say Biden’s campaign plan could generate significant revenue.

“I am confused by Biden’s omission,” said Steve Rosenthal, a senior fellow at the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center at the Urban Institute.

He argued that it was easy for Biden to limit the pass-through withholding to taxpayers earning less than $ 400,000, which better targets the tax break while still delivering on his election promise.

Biden’s exit for those earning more than $ 400,000 could raise an estimated $ 143.4 billion by 2030, according to analysis by the Tax Policy Center.

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